Factors That Determine Constructability and Cost
There are many benefits to planning for the future constructability of a building. In the current economic climate budgeting for projects is becoming more difficult than ever. Many factors have an effect on a project’s cost and time schedule. These factors must be taken into account if any budget is to be considered realistic. The time duration of a project and its cost are integral considerations.
It has been said that the easiest way to control cost in any project is to reduce the number of variables that can affect the time and/or cost. This may include time length, material costs, and site obstacles. While it may seem like common sense, it is not always possible to eliminate every variable. But by considering just a few important factors such as:
The project scope and creep are the two main factors that affect the entire project management process. The scope of the project generally refers to the detailed description of what the project will accomplish and the scope creep represents the deviation from the detailed plan. A project usually begins with a detailed plan but may not go as far as originally planned, resulting in scope creep. In some cases this may also be caused by misunderstandings between the stakeholders. Once these problems arise, scope creep is often the result.In order to avoid scope creep, it is important to have a well-defined change management plan in place at the start of the project to define the scope and schedule. This will help determine which activities must be completed in the amount of time and under the scope that was previously defined in the change management plan. The key is to carefully define the scope in the current planning stage, using a step-by-step approach that ensures that all processes remain consistent. This approach will also ensure that no significant additional tasks are required beyond what has been already outlined in the scope and schedule.
An important factor that can determine the success or failure of that project is the schedule in construction. A well-scheduled construction schedule ensures that all elements involved in that project are taken care of on time and consequently, everything goes according to plan. If the schedule in construction is well planned, everything that needs to happen in a timely fashion does as well. But what happens when the time-frame that is outlined in a schedule is exceeded? What if the preliminary stages of the project are overrun? The resulting outcome may be disastrous since things may not have gone according to the schedule and thus, additional expenses and/or delays will need to be considered.
The difference between a planned vs. unplanned event is determined by the difference in both the amount of time and money that would have been invested if the schedule in construction had been properly planned. A look ahead schedule in construction details what is going to be occurring on a day-to-day basis in the coming months and years. Unlike a master schedule which covers months or even years, a planned schedule is more specifically designed to outline what is going to be happening on a one-time basis. In general terms, a well-scheduled construction schedule outlines the sequence of events that will be taking place in order to complete a project. This involves the sequence of events such as initiation, scheduling, commissioning, permitting, construction, operation and maintenance. In short, the detailed description of how the various phases of the project will occur is essential when comparing planned vs. unplanned construction.
There are many factors that can affect the accuracy of a planned construction project schedule. It is important that these factors be taken into consideration in order to achieve a more accurate outcome. One of the best ways to do this is to include all necessary data for calculating the potential completion date. This will ensure that the schedule can be compared with other schedules to see if the possible completion dates are similar, or if there are differences that may affect the ultimate goal of the construction project.
Budgeting is really about controlling the resources available and then using those resources wisely. Contractors generally have financial obligations and budgets that have to be followed in order to make sure that the project is successfully completed. However, there are means to budget construction project management which will make things even simpler for them. The most important thing about budgeting in construction is to have a clear understanding of the total budget at the beginning of the project and know what you are looking to spend. Then you can plan your budget according to this.
The best way of making budget in construction projects is by involving the contractors early on. When you are planning for big projects such as a hotel, you do not only involve the general contractor and the architect but you involve the architects, plumbers, electricians, bricklayers, carpenters etc. It makes sense to involve all the contractors and the subcontractors in your whole project so that they get an idea of the whole project and what kind of work has to be done. This will help you save money and also gives them an opportunity to provide extra service and give something extra which is very necessary. In addition, most companies have very defined operational procedures that drive their budgets. Unfortunately, these procedures are rarely updated over the years and are rarely changed based upon new technologies or customer needs. This creates a significant risk of issues in the form of unplanned costs in the future, due to the fact that these problems cannot be predicted with any degree of accuracy.
Improving construction quality control begins with an understanding of certain factors which can affect both quality and safety. Not only can the low quality and high-cost materials cause safety problems, they also make construction mistakes by responding unpredictably during the construction process. Many of these mistakes come from a lack of communication between project managers and the various vendors. There is often a communication breakdown between the vendor and manager which causes the vendor to bill the project manager for the costs they have failed to deliver.
Cost overruns in construction are often a direct result of poor quality in materials used by the construction team. When a construction team uses low quality materials, they will often bill the customer for the raw materials which they failed to deliver in the proper quantities or in the right specifications. A high quality and low cost builder grade product may also be ordered from a vendor who orders less than what the client needs and at an increased cost. The combination of bad quality and bad billing leads to an increase in costs.
Both high quality and low-quality builder grade products lead to cost over-runs and unnecessary expenses. To avoid these issues, management must be aware of possible cost overrun situations well in advance of any scheduled work beginning. If the company is able to identify these problems, it is possible to cut corners and get the job done on time without using any contractor grade materials.
Occupational safety is a key component of occupational, related activities concerned with safeguarding construction site workers, machinery operators and others from harm, disability, illness or other unfortunate health-related hazards. Construction is a very often dangerous, land-based occupation in which site workers can be subjected to a variety of risks. Safety in Construction involves identifying these risks, developing protective measures, and making the workforce safer so that accidents on the job are minimized. It also involves the training of employees to make them more aware of their responsibilities and the risks they are exposed to on a day to day basis.
In order to make construction sites safe, various programs and policies have been put into place at all major construction sites. They aim to make the job safer for all those involved by encouraging a safe working attitude, using safe equipment, providing adequate warning about hazards, ensuring ergonomics and ensuring personal safety. Health and safety guidelines are strictly enforced and applied at construction sites in the interests of preserving the health and safety of the workers. Some of the more common health and safety practices adopted at construction sites include: regular inspection of equipment; use of personal protective equipment; provision of emergency first aid; use of accident prevention mechanisms such as emergency stop buttons and vibrating alarms; use of a hard hat; and use of appropriate signs.
Another major area of safety in Construction involves the prevention of accidents occurring due to unsafe work practices. This is done through the development of safety plans and the maintenance of a safe environment. The safety plan will ensure that no dangerous practices or unnecessary risks are practiced on the site so that no one gets hurt. A safety manual will help workers to identify safety concerns on the job and also to report any accidents that they have come across.